Bermudagrass varieties are grown throughout Texas. They generally tolerate drought and foot traffic, but they do not grow well in shade. Bermudagrass sod is used for lawns, golf courses, and athletic fields. Improved hybrid bermudagrasses have a finer leaf texture than common bermudagrasses, but they usually require more care.
St. Augustinegrass is the most shade-tolerant of the warm-season grasses. It has a coarse leaf texture and is most commonly used as a lawn grass. Although it can be grown in most of Texas, St. Augustine turfgrass may require supplemental irrigation in Central and West Texas. It may also die during periods of severe cold in the northern third of the State. Maintenance requirements are usually low.
Buffalograss is best suited for areas with annual rainfall amounts of 25 inches or less. It’s a good, low-maintenance lawn for projects in Central and West Texas.
Zoysiagrass is generally well-suited for use in the same areas of Texas as Bermudagrass. It has moderate to good shade tolerance and can withstand moderate foot traffic. Zoysia is drought-tolerant but may turn brown during prolonged dry spells.
Centipedegrass is best adapted for projects in East Texas. It is slow-growing, and does well in full sun to light shade. It requires little fertilizer and infrequent mowing. Centipedegrass does not tolerate foot traffic or prolonged dry spells.
The Texas AgriLife Extension Service provides two excellent publications called Turfgrass Selection for Texas, and How to Select and Install Sod. We recommend you refer to these publications as you make your turfgrass purchase decisions. You can also contact us for expert advice concerning the grass varieties best suited for your application in your area of Texas.